Vinh Moc Tunnel

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Posted by DH Travel at 5:58 am April 28, 2014

Vinh Moc Tunnel  (Vịnh Mốc) is a tunnel complex in Quảng Trị, Vietnam. During the Vietnam War it was strategically located on the border of North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The tunnels were built to shelter people from the intense bombing of Son Trung and Son Ha communes in Vinh Linh county of Quảng Trị Province in the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone. The American forces believed the villagers of Vinh Moc were supplying food and armaments to the North Vietnemese garrison on the island of Con Co which was in turn hindering the American bombers on their way to bomb Hanoi.

Vinh Moc Tunnel

Vinh Moc Tunnel

After the Geneva Accord in 1954, the north and the south of Vietnam was temporarily divided at the 17th parallel and the Ben Hai River was the temporary military demarcation line. The Demilitarized Zone (or DMZ) of no more than 5km in width was created on either side of the Ben Hai River. The Accord was meant to be broken and from 1965 the US started the destruction bombings of North Vietnam. Vinh Linh was the outpost of the North and was the most heavily bombed area during the time.  From 1965 to 1972, the US dumped over 500 thousand tonnes of bombs in the area of Vinh Linh District, which means 7 tonnes of bomb for every single person of Vinh Linh.
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Vinh Moc Tunnel is in Vinh Linh District, Quang Tri Province, 13km east of  the National Road 1A, 6km north of Cua Tung River-mouth and 30km west of the offshore Con Co Island. Vinh Linh District had 20 communes and 1 town, of which 14 communes and the town had a tunnel themselves each, with the total length of over 40km, when the US started escalating the bombing of North Vietnam. The tunnels of Vinh Linh were built in each commune to ensure the normal life for the local people and to ensure the continuity of supplies of war materials. Nowadays, only the tunnel of Vinh Moc is well-preserved and open to the public.

Vinh Moc Tunnel

Vinh Moc Tunnel

The total length of Vinh Moc Tunnel was  2km including 780m of the main tunnel and the rest was smaller branches. Along side the main tunnel, there were chambers and compartments for households of 3-4 persons each. There were also function rooms for meeting, for giving birth, for hospital… From 1965 to 1972, there were 17 babies born inside the tunnel of Vinh Moc Tunnel , safe and sound…

The tunnel of Vinh Moc Tunnel was composed of 3 levels: Level 1 of 8-10m underground was for fighting and temporary shelter; Level 2 of  12-15m underground was for the villagers to live; Level 3 of 30m underground was for storing war materials. There are 6 openings to the nearby hills and 7 openings to the sea.

Vinh Moc Tunnel

Vinh Moc Tunnel Travel Guide

Vinh Moc Tunnel in Quang Tri

Vinh Moc Tunnel Tour

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